Medicean Chant

   Refers to the Roman Gradual and Antiphonal published by the Medicean press in Rome in 1614 under the direction of Felice Anerio (c. 1560–1614) and Franceso Soriano (c. 1548– 1621) that revised texts and melodies of older chant books in the wake of the Council of Trent. Pope Gregory XIII charged the composer-editors on 25 October 1577 with "revising, purging, correcting, and reforming" the existing chant books, but it is possible that the new edition merely codified contemporary practices. It became the principal source for the Ratisbon (Regensburg) edition of chant (1870) promoted by the Cecilian reformers in Germany. This was replaced as the standard modern edition of Gregorian chant by the {}Editio Vaticana, the work of the Benedictines at Solesmes, at the end of the century.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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  • Gregorian Chant —    Repertory of chant most closely associated with liturgies of the Roman Catholic Church. In Richard Crocker’s strict definition, this repertory includes about 600 propers for the mass whose earliest sources date from about 900 and originate in… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Plain Chant — • Description and history of the precursor to Gregorian chant Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Plain Chant     Plain Chant     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Council of Trent —    The 19th Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church (Trent, northern Italy, 13 December 1545–4 December 1563). Decrees specific to liturgical music were issued from sessions 22–24 (September 1562–November 1563) and provided that… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

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  • Anerio, Giovanni Francesco — (c. 1567, Rome – buried 12 June 1630, Graz, Austria)    Organist and priest who introduced the vernacular oratorio with his Teatro Armonico Spirituale (1619), written for the Oratory of St. Filippo Neri. It contains the earliest surviving… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

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  • Chronology — c. 1000 B. C. Rule of King David, traditional author and compiler of the Book of Psalms. c. 420 B. C. Synagogues established; divine service ordained by the Sanhedrin. A. D. 70 Destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans; instrumental… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

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